Research: Shot Elements

Order of shots:

The meaning of a clip can change depending on the order of the shots and how they are cut together. Putting two shots together can suggest a connection or emphasise contrast (juxtaposition).

It can reveal who motivates the edit:

Which character’s perspective is privileged? Who do we start or end with or cut to most often in a conversation/scene? Who do we see eyeliner matches for – indicates who point of view we are watching it from.
Screen time was also part of this – which character do we see most, or which character do we see the perspective of most. This tells us which characters are most important in a scene or at this particular point in the narrative.

Continuity Techniques:

Establishing shots
The 180 Rule
Shot/Reverse/Shot
Eyeline Match
Match-on-Action

Non- Continuity

Montage
Non-Continuity editing

Transitons

The process of cutting from one shot to another usually involves a simple straight cut. However there are other ways to do this:

Fade to Black
Dissolve/Cross Fade
Wipe

They can

Imply a passage of time
Imply a change in location
Emphasise a connection

Shot Duration, Pace and Rhythm

The duration of a shot will usually reflect the narrative context.

It generally conveys actions and urgency

Long shot duration creates a slow pace and conveys intensity and intimacy, whereas quick shots increase the pace and moves the plot along quickly.

 

 

 

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