Order of shots:
The meaning of a clip can change depending on the order of the shots and how they are cut together. Putting two shots together can suggest a connection or emphasise contrast (juxtaposition).
It can reveal who motivates the edit:
Which character’s perspective is privileged? Who do we start or end with or cut to most often in a conversation/scene? Who do we see eyeliner matches for – indicates who point of view we are watching it from.
Screen time was also part of this – which character do we see most, or which character do we see the perspective of most. This tells us which characters are most important in a scene or at this particular point in the narrative.
The 180 Rule
The process of cutting from one shot to another usually involves a simple straight cut. However there are other ways to do this:
Fade to Black
Imply a passage of time
Imply a change in location
Emphasise a connection
Shot Duration, Pace and Rhythm
The duration of a shot will usually reflect the narrative context.
It generally conveys actions and urgency
Long shot duration creates a slow pace and conveys intensity and intimacy, whereas quick shots increase the pace and moves the plot along quickly.